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National Academy of Science

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National Academy of Science

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a private, non-profit society of scholars, charged with providing independent, objective advice to the nation on matters related to science and technology. Scientists are elected by their peers to membership in the NAS for outstanding contributions to research. The NAS is committed to furthering science in America.

Interesting Fact: NAS was established by an Act of Congress signed by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863.

The National Science Education Standards under the auspices of the National Research Council was supported by the NSF, DOEducation, NASA, NIH, National Academy of Science and private foundations. The set of standards includes not only subject matter specifications but also standards for professional development and school science programs. Assessment standards are listed separately in this volume. Activity scenarios are sprinkled throughout the subject standards sections.

Here are some excerpts for grades 5-8:

1. Transfer of Energy: (a)energy is a property of many substances and is associated with heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, sound, nuclei, and the nature of a chemical. Energy is transferred in many ways. (b)heat moves in predictable ways, flowing from warmer objects to cooler ones, until both reach the same temperature....(c)The sun is a major source of energy for changes on the earth's surface. The sun loses energy by emitting light...The sun's energy arrives as light with a range of wavelengths, consisting of visible light, infrared, and ultraviolet radiation.(p.155)

2. Ecosystems: (a) For ecosystems the major source of energy is sunlight. Energy entering ecosystems as sunlight is transferred by producers into chemical energy through photosynthesis...(b) The number of organisms an ecosystem can support depends on the resources available and abiotic factors, such as quantity of light and water. (p. 157).

3. Technology: (a) identify appropriate problems for technological design, (b)design a solution or product, (c) implement a proposed design, (d) evaluate the product. Understandings about technology: (a)...perfectly designed solutions do not exist...(b) technological designs have constraints...(c) technological solutions have intended benefits and unintended consequences. Some consequences can be predicted, others cannot.

(Note: The National Academy Press (above) is the distributor of this work. The above site is dedicated to ordering, not information about the project. The address is National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Lockbox 285, Washington DC, 20055.)

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National Science Education Standards

You can download a PDF of The National Science Education Standards (NSES) document from this web page.

This work is compact. In contrast to other benchmark projects, standards for professional development and student and program assessment are included in addition to subject matter specifications.

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